Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children aged 5 and under

This review from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews aims to assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under.

Background: Consuming not enough fruit and vegetables is a considerable health burden in developed countries. Eating fruit and vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of future chronic disease. Early childhood represents a critical period for the establishment of dietary habits. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden.

Review question: To assess the impact of interventions designed to increase eating of fruit or vegetables or both among children aged five years and under.

Conclusion: The evidence for effective interventions to increase eating of fruit and vegetables by children aged five and under remains sparse. Child-feeding interventions appear to increase the eating of vegetables by children (by 4.03 grams), but this conclusion is based on very low-quality evidence and is very likely to change when future research is undertaken.

For further details of this review click on the link: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Interventions for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in children aged five years and under